Patent rights in the context of music and books refer to exclusive legal rights granted to inventors or patent holders to protect technological innovations. These patents usually apply to technical inventions and not to creative works such as pieces of music or literary texts.
Criteria for patentability are novelty, non-obviousness and industrial applicability. In the field of music, technical innovations such as new musical instruments, recording techniques or production processes can be patented if they meet these requirements.
Patent rights are not usually granted on books or literary works, as they fall under copyright law
. Copyright protects creative works from unauthorised use, reproduction and distribution.
Musical and literary works are protected by copyright, which arises automatically when the work is created in fixed form. It grants the author the exclusive right to use, reproduce, distribute and perform his or her work.
Patents and copyrights are important for promoting innovation and creativity. Patents reward technological progress, while copyrights protect the interests of artists and authors and allow them to profit from their creative work.