Neighbouring rights (also known as "performers' rights") are rights granted to artists and performers
in their performances and recordings. These rights relate to the use of recordings of their performances, whether in the form of musical works, films, plays or other media. Performing rights are closely related to copyright but relate specifically to the performances of artists rather than to the creative works themselves.
The rights typically include:
- Performing right: This right relates to the public performance or reproduction of an artist's performance, whether live on stage or in radio and television broadcasts.
- Reproduction right: This right relates to the making of copies of the performance or recording, such as the making of phonograms or digital downloads.
- Distribution right: This right relates to the distribution of fixations of the performance, whether through the sale of phonograms or through digital distribution channels.
- Broadcasting right: This right relates to the broadcasting of the performance on radio or television.
The granting of broadcasting rights varies from country to country as laws and regulations differ. In some countries these rights may be owned directly by artists, while in others they may be administered by record producers, record companies or other organisations. Performing rights are important to ensure that artists are paid for the use of their recordings and performances